The international community had put pressure on the Qing court and the Chinese government to put down the Boxer rebellion, so the Western powers organized a multinational force to crush it. The conflict was a bloody and brutal one, with diplomats, families, and people in general suffering degrading conditions. On August 14, an international force of about 20,000 troops, led by Austria-Hungary and eight other countries, landed in Beijing. The imperial capital was captured.
The Boxer rebellion was a nationalistic movement that originated in the Shandong Province, home to two founders of Confucianism. It was also largely caused by economic and religious disputes between Chinese and foreign missionaries. The Qing dynasty had already been weakened by the Sino-Japanese War and was facing hostile pressure from Great Powers. The boxers’ violent methods pushed the Qing court into retreat. After a series of military confrontations, the empress dowager implored foreigners to leave the city. The emperor proclaimed war on all foreigners and sent her military forces to crush the rebellion.
After the Boxers were defeated, the Qing was forced to sign the Boxer Protocol. This agreement forced the Qing government to pay a massive indemnity, amounting to 333 million dollars, which would have bankrupted the Qing government. Furthermore, the events leading up to the rebellion continue to influence the perception of China and its people around the world. Once the Boxers had defeated the Chinese, the European powers would then send military forces to suppress the revolt.
Following the Boxers’ defeat, the Qing government imposed a sweeping series of measures to punish them. The civil service examinations were suspended for five years, and local officials were personally responsible for any future anti-foreign incidents. The western powers also forced the Qing government to impose a two-year ban on the import of weapons, and they could even extend the ban. In addition, the Qing was forced to pay a huge indemnity to western nations – 330 million dollars at the time.
The Boxer uprising caused the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911. Its cause was disputed, but it was largely considered a nationalist movement. The Boxers attacked Christian churches, killed Chinese Christians, and intimidated Chinese officials. The violence led to the “siege of the legations” – a term that meant that the foreigners had taken control of the city. This resulted in the dissolution of the Qing dynasty and the rise of the Communist Party in the early 1900s. The empress dowager and her court fled in humiliation.
The Boxer revolution began during the Hundred Days’ Reform in 1898. The Guangxu Emperor sought to improve the central administration. However, the reforms were overturned by the Empress Dowager Cixi, and the revolutionary spirit swept the country. The military took control of the city and imprisoned the reformist emperor. They were eventually forced to surrender.
The Boxers attacked Christian churches, burned Christian leaders, and intimidated Chinese officials. The Chinese emperor and the nationalists supported the Boxers and declared war on the invading powers. The emperor and the government were divided, and the empress did not approve of the rebellion. Ultimately, the conflict was over. Despite its bloody impact, the conflict caused a major change in the politics of China.
The Boxer rebellion was the first major unrest in modern history. It started in Shandong province in March 1898 and spread throughout the rest of the country. The Chinese government was forced to stop the Boxers by putting them under house arrest. They then went on to destroy foreign embassies and Christian churches. This led to the repression of Christianity in China. During the siege, the Empress Dowager put the reformist emperor under house arrest.
The Boxer rebellion began in Shandong province in 1898 and spread to Beijing. The Boxers were a group of peasants who attacked foreigners and converted Chinese Christians. They also attacked the Qing government’s imperial strategy, which led to the defeat in the Sino-Japanese War. The first signs of unrest appeared in a small town, and the Catholic authorities claimed it was a church. On the other hand, the government had banned the use of Christianity in China, and the emperor had declared it an illegal religion.